What is the fundamental requirement of this law? How is it applied? Where is the risk of waste hiding, even for people’s health? The 2016 regulations set a decisive stake for the sale of light cannabis in Italy, actually in a slightly ambiguous way. The limit is this: the sale is allowed for cannabis that has THC (the active ingredients that generate psychotropic effects) up to and not more than the percentage of 0.2. But the legal cannabis seller is not criminally liable up to the 0.6 percent threshold, beyond which the marijuana is seized by the judicial authorities and a file is opened that will then go to court. These two limitations certainly open the doors to different interpretations and stretch marks of the law.
CANNABIS LIGHT LAWS
When we talk about psychotropic effects we refer, and here we quote the Treccani Encyclopedia, to “substances that act on psychic functions”. With what effects? The answer comes from the levels of cannabidiol (or also defined as Cbd) contained in marijuana which, let’s remember, is a derivative of hemp. And the CBD does not induce the “high”, but if anything it has a natural anxiolytic effect . Relax. And it replaces other types of drugs, very widespread and very present on the pill market, which serve precisely to control anxiety . With these premises and with its backs covered by a law, a legal cannabis industry was born in Italy, which sees about 1,500 companies in the field, starting from points of sale, and from online ones, such asSevenhemp.it .
Last May, the joint criminal sections of the Court of Cassation ruled that selling cannabis light products is a crime . Specifically, the judges explained that the 2016 law on cannabis light “qualifies as lawful only the cultivation of hemp of the varieties registered in the common catalog of agricultural plant species” for medical use and purposes. All other products, such as leaves, inflorescences, oil, resin derived from cannabis sativa do not fall into this category. In essence, they remain legal only those products that are actually devoid of doping efficacy . In fact, the ruling argues that the tolerance range between 0.2% and 0.6% of THC must not be measured in the final product but in the cultivated plant. With this interpretation, however, it becomes very difficult to classify the individual articles. In fact, the decision is sent back to the courts , which after the seizure, will have to decide whether or not there is doping efficacy.
CANNABIS FOR THERAPEUTIC USE
Another issue concerns the sale of cannabis for therapeutic use . This type, in fact, has been legal in Italy since 2006. Moreover, since 2016, thanks to the collaboration between the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Defense, the product is manufactured in the military pharmaceutical chemical plant in Florence . Containing THC 5% – 8% and Cbd 7.5% – 12%, it is sold in pharmacies upon presentation of a medical prescription. Since 2018 Cannabis FM-1 is also available (THC 13.0-20.0% and Cbd <1%). This type of cannabis is prescribed for the treatment of chronic painand that associated with diseases such as multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injuries, side effects caused by chemotherapy, radiotherapy and HIV therapies. But also for the reduction of involuntary body and facial movements in Tourette’s syndrome, and as an appetite stimulant in patients with eating disorders or suffering from AIDS.